It is a relatively constant change in the behavioral outcome of an organism, i.e., all mental, social, emotional, linguistic, and motor behavioral manifestations resulting from the interaction of the individual with the physical and social environment, which is called experience.
It occurs in three main stages:
Acquisition stage: the organism represents through it the material it learns, during which the organism represents the new behavior so that it becomes part of its behavioral outcome.
The storage phase, during which information is preserved, occurs as soon as the process of acquisition occurs and the learned material is transferred to memory.
The recovery phase includes the ability of the organism to extract the information stored in it in the form of a response in one way or another.
Learning forms are:
1: Acquisition of a new behavior, as the learner acquires as a result of experiencing a behavior that was not part of his behavioral outcome, such as learning to walk, write, swim, and different facts.
2: Giving up a behavior: the individual may give up a behavior when this behavior is followed by punishment or undesirable results, such as giving up smoking.
3: Behavior modification by repeating desirable behaviors and reducing unwanted behaviors
Learning has the following characteristics:
1. Learning is an extended process that extends throughout the life of the individual from the beginning of his life and continues until its end.
2. Learning is a continuous process that continues the life of the individual through his interaction with the external environment.
3. Learning is a process that helps the individual increase his adaptation to the environment.
Definition of learning Language learning is defined as: the acquisition of knowledge of things, while it is defined idiomatically as: an activity aimed at acquiring skills and acquiring new knowledge, and the human being is meant in this process, despite the ability of animals to learn, and this educational process is achieved when it is reflected in behavior, values, and ideas, among others.  Education is also defined as behavior that results from an individual experience, so that a living organism can change its behaviors and perceptions, which is known as the process of education, and education must appear on behavior and be in a constant degree without being affected by growth or development, and learning is known as It also refers to a change that occurs in or alters the behavior, and this definition focuses on the modification and change in the behavior of the learner. The change is permanent and constant and is not dependent on a circumstance or a period of time.  Behavioral scientists have discovered that the behavioral trend is synonymous with learning, and according to this trend, learning is defined as an apparent change in behaviors due to relatively fixed practice.